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German culture: facts, customs, and traditions

German culture: facts, customs, and traditions

German culture facts, customs, and traditions

Germany is at the center of Europe, not only geographically, but also in terms of politics and economy. The country is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, with more than 80 million inhabitants, according to the World Factbook. The German economy is the largest on the continent and the fifth in the world.

While German exerts its influence on the countries bordering it - Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland, and Poland - all these cultures have, to varying degrees, helped to shape the 'Germany today.

The population is 91.5% German, the Turkish being the second largest ethnic group with 2.4%, according to the World Factbook. The remaining 6.1% consists mainly of people of Greek, Russian, Italian, Polish, Serbo-Croatian and Spanish origin. About 75.7% of the population is urban.


The Germans give great priority to structure, privacy, and punctuality. The German people adhere to the values ​​of economy, hard work, and industrialization and it is very important to ensure that "the trains run on time". According to Passport to Trade 2.0, an online business etiquette guide from the University of Salford in Manchester, England, "Germans are more comfortable when they can organize and compartmentalize their world into controllable units. is therefore managed with care and the calendars, calendars, and agendas must be respected. "

Germans are stoic people who aspire to perfectionism and precision in all aspects of their lives. They do not admit mistakes, even jokingly, and rarely give compliments. At first, their attitude may seem hostile, but there is a strong sense of community and social conscience and a desire to belong.


Not surprisingly, the official language of the country is German. Over 95% of the population speaks German as their first language, according to the Center for International Studies at Angelo State University. The other languages ​​spoken are Serbian in eastern Germany; North and West Frisian, spoken around the Rhine estuary; and Danish, mainly spoken in the region along the Danish border. Romani, which is an indigenous language, Turkish and Kurdish are also spoken.


Christianity is the dominant religion, 65 to 70% of the population identifying as Christian. This number is 29% of Catholics. Muslims represent 4.4% of the population, while 36% are not affiliated or have a religion other than Christianity or the Muslim.

German food and drinks

Germans love rich and hearty cuisine, although each region of Germany has its own definition of what a traditional meal looks like.

Pork is the most consumed meat, according to the German Food Guide. Schweinshaxe (braised pork shank) and Saumagen (pork stomach) are some traditional pork dishes.

Bratwurst, a form of sausage, is closely associated with German food. Cabbage, beets, and turnips are usually included in meals because they are native to the region, and potatoes and sauerkraut are also stars of German cuisine.

Beer is the most popular alcoholic beverage, and the country is known as the birthplace of a number of beer varieties, including Pilsner, Weizenbier (wheat beer), and Alt. These beers were made according to Reinheitsgebot, or the "Purity Law", a Bavarian law of the 16th century which decreed that beer could only be brewed from barley, hops, and water, according to NPR. The brewers used the yeast available in the air. Brandy and schnapps are also the favorite German alcoholic drinks.

German culture: facts, customs, and traditions


Culture doesn't just refer to the way people interact and look at each other. "Culture also means refined intellectual, artistic and creative achievements, for example in the field of cultural knowledge, or a cultivated person," Cristina De Rossi, an anthropologist at Barnet and Southgate College in London, told Live Science.

The Germans have made a huge contribution to classical music and the traditions of famous German and Austrian composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner, and Gustav Mahler continue today.

With their penchant for precision and engineering, it is not surprising that the Germans have a strong tradition of engraving by woodcut and engraving. There is also a strong representation of all phases of architecture - including Romanesque, Gothic, Classical, Baroque, Rococo and Renaissance - represented in cathedrals, castles, and public buildings. A well-known example of classic German art is the Brandenburg Gate, an ancient city gate that is now used to symbolize the unity of Berlin.

Corporate culture

The desire for order is reflected in the life of German business. Surprises and humor are not welcome. Everything is carefully planned and decided, with changes rarely occurring after an agreement, according to the German guide to corporate culture.

There is great esteem for engineers in German, as evidenced by the country's success in the automotive industry. Because of this high level of respect for practical expertise, companies tend to be run by technical experts rather than lawyers or people with financial backgrounds.

Workers at all levels are judged on their skill and diligence rather than their interpersonal skills. Communication with colleagues as well as with strangers tends to be direct and not always diplomatic.

Parties and celebrations

Germany celebrates many traditional Christian holidays, including Christmas and Easter. October 3, German Unification Day marks the reunification of East and West Germany and is the only federal holiday.

While the great beer festival in the country is called "Oktoberfest", it begins each year on a Saturday in September and ends 16 to 18 days later, the first Sunday in October. The tradition began in 1810, with the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen, according to the city of Munich.